Understanding Callbacks

When you set a pin mode to one of the several input pin mode types, you must specify a callback function. When the state or value of the input changes, the callback function is called to handle the change.

Callbacks provide immediate feedback when a data change occurs.

For example, we use the following API call if we wish to set pin 11 as a digital input pin with pullups enabled.

board.set_pin_mode_digital_input_pullup(11, the_callback)

Here is an example of a callback function that prints the change to the console.

def the_callback(data):
    A callback function to report data changes.
    This will print the pin number, its reported value and
    the date and time when the change occurred

    :param data: [pin mode, pin, current reported value, pin_mode, timestamp]
    date = time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S', time.localtime(data[CB_TIME]))
    print(f'Report Type: {data[CB_PIN_MODE]} Pin: {data[CB_PIN]} '
          f'Value: {data[CB_VALUE]} Time Stamp: {date}')

The data parameter passed to the callback function is in the form of a list. It always contains the origin of the callback, such as a digital or analog input, and a timestamp for the data change occurrence.

The contents of the data parameter are specified in the API for each set_pin_mode method. For example:

 def set_pin_mode_digital_input_pullup(self, pin_number, callback=None)

    Set a pin as a digital input with pullup enabled.

    :param pin_number: arduino pin number

    :param callback: callback function. This parameter is required to be supplied.

    callback returns a data list:

    [pin_type, pin_number, pin_value, raw_time_stamp]

    The pin_type for digital input pins with pullups enabled = 11

This list contains: [pin_type, pin_number, pin_value, raw_time_stamp] The pin type for this pin mode is 11.

Copyright (C) 2021 Alan Yorinks. All Rights Reserved.